R&D Regulatory Affairs

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How Does Science Fit Into Regulatory Affairs?

Category: R&D Regulatory Affairs Uncategorized | (0) comments

As a scientist it can be very hard to find employment outside of the laboratory. That’s why it comes as no surprise that the Regulatory Affairs Graduate Program attracts so many bright scientists eagerly looking for a career away from test tubes and statistical analysis.

Although Regulatory Affairs is a department branched under Research & Development, we do not dress in white lab coats and we definitely do not mix chemicals at our desks. So how exactly does a science background help with everyday work in Regulatory Affairs? I took this question to the current Regulatory Affairs graduates to find out!

 

Q: What skills specific to a science education do you utilize in your work as a Regulatory Affairs Graduate?

Holti (MSc Molecular Biomedicine): I think being able to present highly complex scientific information in a simplistic language – both verbal as well as in written form – is a skill that comes in handy in Regulatory Affairs. In science you often have to explain really complicated mechanisms and data to a variety of audiences –  the same came be said for Regulatory Affairs. I also found that being part of a research group helped give me essential project management skills such as planning, coordination, and team work which is used daily in my job at Novo Nordisk.

Nani (MSc Neuroscience): My science background helped to enhance my presentation skills. During my degree I would have to regularly present findings of my research during lab meetings and poster presentations, to name but a few. This has helped with my confidence when presenting, the quality of my slides generated, how to engage the audience etc., which I try to utilise when I have to present in meetings here at Novo Nordisk.

Nicoline (MSc Pharmacuetical Design and Engineering):  What has helped me a lot was the focus on the pharmaceutical industry in my degree. I didn’t just have courses in science – I also had courses that “zoomed out” to give the students a better understanding of the different phases of drug development (research, development, production, clinical trials, patenting etc.) and how they are connected. This insight into the pharmaceutical process, from search to marketing, has been extremely valuable to me.

Constanze (PhD Clinical Biochemistry):  Being able to quickly grasp a lot of information from many different stakeholders and organizing it into an overview  is a skill I used all the time during my PhD and still today in Regulatory Affairs. Learning to keep minutes, writing agendas, and learning how to drive meetings in the lab definitely prepared me for doing the same at the meetings I attend here at Novo Nordisk.

Maggie (MSc Human Nutrition): I had a lot of focus on critical reading during my education. We were constantly reading journal articles and dissecting them to the smallest of details. This ability to read into information and critical assess the quality of the data is something that I use in my work here at Novo Nordisk. I have to evaluate and review information that is sent all over the world and I need to ensure that it is not interpreted in the wrong way. Learning to read and assess nutrition research articles from different perspectives has definitely helped with that.

Annika (MSc Molecular Medicine, MSc International Health Policy): Having a comprehensive overview of the health policy and system setting in different countries is currently helping me understand the market access aspect of pharmaceutical development. This knowledge has allowed me to understand and contribute to key strategy discussions when trying to launch a new product here at Novo Nordisk .

 

MSc: Masters of Science

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You’re Quick Guide to Regulatory Affairs Grad Eligibility

Category: R&D Regulatory Affairs | (16) comments

Lately I’ve been receiving a lot of questions from eager candidates about their eligibility for our wonderful program:

“What if I did two 3 month internships during my BSc* and have been working for 5 months after my MSc¤, can I still apply?”

“Right now I have 11 months of work experience, but by the time you look at my application I will have over 1 year, am I still eligible?”

“I’ve done a BSc, MSc, AND PhD – is that OK?”

Let’s try and tackle the confusion with this Quick Guide to Your RA Grad Eligibility!

Can you apply if you have….

Just a BSc –> NO

BSc + < 1 year work experience –> NO

BSc + MSc + 0 work experience –> YES

BSc + MSc + < 1 work experience –> YES

BSc + MSc + > 1 work experience –> NO

BSc + MSc + PhD –> YES

BSc + MSc + PhD < 1 work experience –> YES

BSc + MSc + PhD + > 1 year work experience –> NO

It’s understandable that ‘work experience’ can be interpreted differently, so here are some helpful things to keep in mind:

  1. Internships DO NOT COUNT as work experience
  2. Any combination where you accumulate < 1 year of full time work experience in small chunks (including during and after your studies) is OK
  3. Work experience is counted at the time of the application
  4. Post-doc counts as work experience

 

I hope this helps clarify any of your questions!

Best of luck applying,

Maggie

 

 

*BSc = Bachelor (of Science)

¤MSc = Master (of Science)

 

 

 

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A taste of epidemiology

Category: R&D Global Development R&D Regulatory Affairs | (9) comments

Dear reader,

In this blog I’ve invited Johanne, the skill area manager for the epidemiology graduate programme, to give you a taste of what epidemiology in Novo Nordisk is about. Johanne was herself a epidemiology graduate which gives her unique experience that will surely benefit future epidemiology graduates.

It’s a little more than 3 years since you joined the graduate program yourself. Why did you join the graduate program?
I applied for the graduate program in 2012, because it was in my view a very nice way to start my professional life as a “fresh-out-of-university” epidemiologist. I was curious to learn, how I could use the epidemiological skill-set acquired during my studies in the context of a pharmaceutical company. Also, I had my eye set on Novo Nordisk as a great potential workplace, and the graduate program provided a unique opportunity to get an overview of the company through rotations in three different departments.

What did your three rotations in the graduate program look like?
I spent my first rotation in the Epidemiology department in Søborg (DK), where I worked mainly on literature-based tasks related to our main disease areas such as diabetes and obesity. My second rotation took place at our US affiliate office in Princeton, NJ where I was situated in the Health Economics and Outcomes Research department. Here, I worked on the more costs-related aspects of the diseases that Novo Nordisk develops treatments for, as well as the value propositions of our products. Finally, I spent my third and final rotation in Corporate Stakeholders Engagement in Bagsværd (DK), where I worked on a programme on the interlinking between urbanisation and diabetes, “Cities Changing Diabetes”. My role was to provide and validate epidemiological evidence, facts and figures used in the external communication of the programme.

What is special about epidemiology in Novo Nordisk?
I think that one of the special features about working with epidemiology in Novo Nordisk is that it is naturally centred on our main disease areas diabetes, obesity, haemophilia and growth disorders, so you really get to know the epidemiology of these diseases very well. Methodologically, both literature reviews and data analyses are tools that are applied to a high extent, so you really get to use your epidemiological toolkit. In Novo Nordisk we work across the organisation with many different stakeholders and often with quite short timelines for delivery of analyses. Therefore, working with epidemiology in Novo Nordisk often means balancing many different projects and at times a need for a slightly pragmatic approach to the level of detail, even though we always strive for a high methodological and scientific standard.

As a skill area manager, what will you look for in a coming epidemiology graduate?
First of all, I will look for a passion to work with epidemiology and a strong analytical skill- and mind-set. Then I will be interested in knowing about any relevant work experience that the candidate has gained through internships, student assistant jobs or volunteering. International experience obtained while studying or working is of high value as well. Due to the many stakeholder interactions and since we work in teams, it is also pivotal that the candidate has strong social skills and functions well in team work. Finally, I will look for the person behind the application – why does the candidate want to work for Novo Nordisk, what motivates the candidate and what can the candidate bring personally to the company besides strictly professional skills.

If you want to kick-start your career in epidemiology this should give you plenty of reason to consider the graduate program. More about the other programs coming up soon.

All the Best,
Lars

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Regulatory Affairs – Swipe Right or Left?

Category: R&D Regulatory Affairs | (6) comments

I watched a Youtube video recently that explained the Paradox of Choice – a theory that captures the modern day dilemma of wanting as much choice as possible but getting anxious when presented with too much choice. While this paradox was founded based on consumers experience while shopping, you may be experiencing it right now as you ‘shop’ for the right Graduate Program at Novo Nordisk.

The first tool to tackle this overwhelming selection is to figure out which programs you qualify for. Check out this handy chart, snatched from the depths of the Novo Nordisk Graduate website, to see the educational background each program is looking for.

After figuring out which programs you qualify for the second tactic to narrowing down your options is to browse through the blog. While one program may sound better in the description, you could be swayed by a personal account in a graduate’s blog post to join another program! So take your time and do your research.

If you’ve completed the above two steps and are considering RA, then might I suggest we play a little game? Similar to a once-popular dating app, I will go through a series of steps where you should either swipe left (consider another program) or swipe right (apply for RA).

Now let’s play!

  • Do you have an Masters degree or PhD in natural science, health science or sociology?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and continue on
  • Are you good at seeking out information from multiple resources?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and continue on
  • Can you handle an unpredictable work pace (i.e. fast weeks followed by slower weeks)?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and continue on
  • Do you think life should only be about work?
    • No -> Swipe Right and continue on
    • Yes -> Swipe Left
  • Can you handle many responsibilities (both big and small) at once?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and continue on
  • Do you enjoy being involved in teams and participating in multi-stakeholder meetings?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and continue on
  • Are you afraid to ask for help?
    • No -> Swipe Right and continue on
    • Yes -> Swipe Left
  • Are you an effective communicator, taking into consideration cultural differences and workplace practice?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and continue on
  • Are you easy-going, social, and ready to develop professionally AND personally?
    • No -> Swipe Left
    • Yes -> Swipe Right and cross the finish line!

If you’ve ‘Swiped Right’ to all the questions then congratulations – the RA program seems like a good fit for you! If you would still like to learn more about RA check out previous blog posts by clicking on the ‘R&D Regulatory Affairs’ category to the right of my writer’s profile picture. Also be sure to check back next week for a post about the types of tasks a typical RA grad encounters.

Happy swiping,

Maggie

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Hello, is it me you’re looking for?

Category: R&D Regulatory Affairs | (15) comments

Hello and welcome!

I’m Maggie, a Regulatory Affairs (RA) Graduate from Canada. RA seems to be the most confusing and elusive graduate program Novo Nordisk offers, so I hope that this blog will help provide clarity and give you a better insight into what this mystery program has to offer. While I won’t give you ALL the details  just yet (check back soon :) ), I can give you the short and sweet version now.

RA graduates on our first day! From left to right: Maggie, Holti, Constanze, and Nicoline.

RA graduates on our first day! From left to right: Maggie, Holti, Constanze, and Nicoline.

Regulatory Affairs is a key department in a company which supplies products within a regulated industry. Regulated industries range from pharamaceuticals to cosmetics, food, energy and much more. The primary purpose of RA is to ensure that products are manufactured, tested, and sold according to the legislature set by a country’s health agency.

For example, in order for Novo Nordisk to sell pharmaceuticals in the United States, we must ensure that ALL the steps in the R&D process from idea generation to clinical testing to manufacturing to packaging to shipping comply with the legislation the FDA has defined.

Make and sell a product according to the rules – sound’s fairly simple right?

Well, consider this – almost every country has its own health authority and each has their own specific guidelines. Combine that with management of an entire product portfolio PLUS all the steps in the R&D process that we have to ensure alignment with! Together, all these variables lead to a VERY complex process with a LOT of stakeholders and an INFINITE combination of potential tasks that can slide across your desk. Not so simple sounding anymore eh?

If I have peaked your curioisty just a touch more throughout this introduction then look forward to the next blog post where I will give you a much better insight into RA and the tasks that a graduate is responsible for. You can also look forward to blog posts related to the NN Graduate Program as a whole, as well as my perspective on being a foreign Graduate!

If you would like to learn more about me and my work experience, please check out my blog bio by clicking on my writer’s profile.

Until next time,

Maggie

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Trial Management – a perspective from Australia

Category: R&D Global Development R&D Regulatory Affairs | (10) comments

Dear reader,

In this blog post the focus will be on trial management. As I’m not an expert on this area I’ve asked my graduate colleague Maja some questions. Maja joined the graduate program as a trial management graduate in 2014 and is currently spending a very exciting rotation in Australia.

Maja in Sydney.

Maja in Sydney.

Too start off Maja, give us a short introduction to what trial management is all about?
Clinical trials are an important part of the development of new drugs. Before a new potential drug can be put on the market for the benefits of the patients, the product needs to go through a set of clinical trials, making sure the drug is both safe and is working as it is intended.
A clinical trial is a big setup that needs a large amount of planning, organisation and collaboration across different skill areas. In trial management you are responsible of managing this process; from the very first step of writing the trial protocol and orchestrating the roll out of the trial, all the way through to last-patient-last-visit and database lock. From here the collected data is handed over to statisticians and medical writers, preparing the clinical trial report that is sent to the health authorities for approval.

Very interesting. So what has your role been in your second rotation?
In my second rotation, which I have spent in the Australian affiliate, I have been working as a CRA (clinical research associate) also referred to as a monitor. In this role I have got to experience how the clinical trials are run in a local market. Orchestrated from HQ the clinical trials are run locally by the local trial managers and a set of CRAs, who goes out to the clinical trial sites to oversee that the trials are run according to the protocol and good clinical practice.
I have been lucky to be involved in different trials at different stages, allowing me experience both the initiation, execution and closure of a trial. This has given me an insight to all of the processes from A to Z it takes to run a trial in Australia.

maja in australia3 (4)

Which competencies do you get in your current role in Australia that you cannot get in HQ in Denmark?
In the affiliate I have got the opportunity to get a local perspective of how Novo Nordisk as a company operates in Australia and to experience the local aspects of how clinical trials are run in Novo Nordisk. The learnings I have got here I couldn’t gain in any other way than actually being physically situated in the local market. By living and working here, you get this special insight, which you cannot get from reading about it or through other peoples learnings.
Also, through my work in the affiliate I have got to work directly with the customers of Novo Nordisk, in term of investigators and study personnel, which is a type of stakeholder I wouldn’t get to work directly with in HQ.

What is the best part of having an international rotation?
The best part of the international rotation, I would say, is the personal development you gain from having to settle in a new country, a new culture and a new working environment. It requires a lot of investment in the beginning having to build new routines and a new network, but the learnings I have acquired from this experience I am sure I will use in my life going forward – approaching the world with open-arms and a feeling of “I-can-do-this”.

Why should recent, or soon to be, graduates apply for the trial management graduate program?
I definitely encourage everyone with an interest in clinical trial management to apply for the programme! The programme allows you to obtain great knowledge of clinical trials and on specifically how clinical trials are run in Novo Nordisk. Through the programme you get the opportunity to be exposed to different trials in different phases and different therapeutic areas within a short time, which I see as one of the greatest benefits of the programme. On top of this the extensive support and training you get throughout the programme, I find, helps you climb the steep learning curve and transform from a student to an employee, much faster than if you were hired into a position as a regular employee.

Hope you enjoyed Maja’s insight. Stay tuned for more information about the other graduate programs in Global Development.

All the Best,
Lars

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Biostatistics – what does it mean?

Category: R&D Global Development R&D Regulatory Affairs Uncategorized | (1) comments

Dear reader,

My previous blog post was an introduction to the graduate positions that are offered in Global Development this year. When you apply for the Global Development graduate program you will apply for a position in one of six different skill areas. There are some common elements to these positions and ultimately you will be working towards the same goals in global development no matter which position you have. However, it is important to know in which area you can make the biggest difference with your current skills. In the coming weeks I will upload some blogs describing what the different skill areas are all about.

I will start by telling about my own area which is biostatistics. Currently I’m working on a clinical trial which has been ongoing for 5 years and is about to close down. We are now in the hectic phase of discussing how the data should be presented and creating the statistical output summarizing and visualizing the data. When this process is complete the data will be presented to GD management and form the basis on which they take business critical decisions. When this is done publications of the results and other exploratory analysis will be prepared for major medical journals. All of this work is done in close collaboration with medical doctors and scientists who are experts on how the drug works and how it affects the patients. Furthermore, it is important to have a dialogue with the authorities which approve the drug. Ensuring that we comply with the requirements set by the authorities is something that affects all the work done in biostatistics.

Another important aspect of the work I currently do is to ensure that the way we analyse and interpret data corresponds with the way it was actually reported by the patients in the trial and the doctors conducting it. This can especially be a challenge with a trial which have been planned more than 5 years ago. It necessitates a close collaboration with the data managers, who are responsible for collecting the data in the trial, and the trial managers, who are responsible for the organization of the trial.

Now these are only some of the tasks which we do in biostatistics. Another example of tasks we perform is providing statistical evidence that support the price negotiations conducted by our health economics colleagues. In general it takes at least 3-5 years of biostatistics experience to get through all the processes biostatistics is involved in. Being a part of the biostatistics graduate program will give you the opportunity to do at least two 8 months rotations in biostatistics. This gives you the opportunity to get exposure to more of the processes biostatistics are involved in while also allowing you to try out different projects. If you have an interest in the pharmaceutical industry, don’t let this opportunity pass!

All the Best,
Lars

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6 ways to a life changing career within Global Development

Category: R&D Global Development R&D Regulatory Affairs Uncategorized | (13) comments

Today I had a Skype call with my Programme Manager, Kristina Jacobsen.

I am currently located in Bangalore, India and she is seated in our Headquarter in Denmark.

Kristina was very happy and told me that the hiring process of 12 new graduates will be initiated shortly. Whereas most Novo Nordisk graduate programmes hire every year Global Development only hire graduates every 2nd year. So now is a unique chance to apply if you would like to join Global Development!

The next group of graduates (application period 01-DEC-2015 to 10-JAN-2016) with a joining date of 01-SEP-2016 will expand significantly.

We are currently 7 GD graduates spread on 3 different skill areas; Biostatistics, Trial Management and Health Economics. Going forward, the GD Graduate programme will consist of 12 graduates covering 6 different skill areas:
• Biostatistics
• Statistical Programming
• Epidemiology
• Medical Writing
• Trial Management
• Data Management

I was really excited to hear this news as it will give an additional 12 future graduates a chance to embark on a life-changing career within Novo Nordisk.

The focus in Novo Nordisk is the development of life-saving treatments and this is surely something to be proud of. More than 90 years of experience working with innovative biological medicines and understanding patients´ lives allows Novo Nordisk to concentrate on areas where we can make a real difference. In Global Development, we lead the clinical activities from when a drug candidate enters clinical testing through the submission and approval phase and when it has entered the market. On top of this, everybody is encouraged to contribute and share new ideas. The flow of knowledge across teams is highly supported and there is a healthy and engaging working environment.

Kristina confirmed that the set-up for the new graduates will be similar to the existing one, where each of the skill areas have an experienced specialist assigned who is responsible for planning the rotations and ensuring a steep learning curve throughout the 2 year period for each individual graduate. This special set-up is very beneficial and shows the commitment in Global Development towards the professional and personal development of the graduates.

As a programme manager, Kristina is responsible for the overall coordination of the programme during the 2 year period. Furthermore, she is responsible for common activities for all GD Graduates such as conducting monthly touch base/knowledge sharing sessions and evaluation meetings. Kristina and I talked about the great privilege of being part of both formal and informal graduate networks which allows us all to broaden our learnings even further while building networks and relationships across the company. We surely have a lot of fun and good laughs when we meet.

Kristina mentioned that she is looking very much forward to welcome a new group of young talents to Novo Nordisk. I can only echo her. If you are ready for a life-changing career, now is the time to apply!

 

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2-years as a RA graduate and then what?

Category: R&D Global Development R&D Regulatory Affairs | (3) comments

I believe that the graduate blog is very successful in providing an insight into how the programs work, the experience one has during the program and how one can manage to get accepted into the program; however there is less information on what happens after the program.

So you sign up for two years of rotations and new impressions; being pushed outside your comfort zone every 6 or 8 months (depending on the program) and then what happens?

Let me start by saying that you sign a two-year contract meaning your are not bound to the company after the program ends but also they are not required to keep you (this does not apply for the IO programs). Having said that, the company invests a great amount of resources into its graduates and thus you should be offered a position after the two years if you manage to meet their expectation.

The retention rates of graduates differ between the programs and I believe RA has the highest rate with 100% of former graduates still working for Novo Nordisk. In general Novo Nordisk is very successful in keeping its employees and creating a working environment one just does not want to leave again.

So what happens to RA graduates after they finish the program?

In most cases the next step will have already been finalized months before the 2-years come to an end and you will transition smoothly from your ‘graduate position‘ into your ‘permanent position‘. Often this involves a change in department; however some graduates have chosen to stay within the department they selected for their third rotation.

How easy it is to find a department after the program depends on how well your interests meet the current business needs. Nonetheless the fact that all RA graduates are still within the company shows that they try to give you the possibility to work exactly where you want.

As an RA graduate you become an RA professional after the program and then there are three main development paths which are shown in the figure below.

blog pic 4

The specialist role features in-depth analysis and investigation into a specific area of RA, involving solution-seeking and method/process-optimization. On the other hand the line manager role is defined by setting targets and directions; it involves a great extent of people management and development to achieve results. The project-management track is the most-cross functional as teams are built with key players from diverse disciplines to manage and see through a product from early development stages to life-cycle management.

Therefore one has many opportunities to find a role matching one’s interest. In general Novo Nordisk puts a lot of emphasis on personal development also outside the graduate program and managers are very responsive towards employees’ wishes.

Lastly let me end by saying that the program does not guarantee that everyone will end up as CVP but it provides one with a fast track opportunity to explore different fields and roles aiding your future development.

If you do not want to miss the opportunity to become part of the program send in your application now and use these blog posts to help you in structuring your application (FAQ, Cover Letter, Application 1 + 2, Last Minute Tips).

 

 

 

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The Ups and Downs of the Rotation Abroad

Category: R&D Global Development R&D Regulatory Affairs | (10) comments

At the beginning of the month I took the chance to sit down with the two RA graduates Mark and Sascha that have just returned from their rotation abroad. Throughout our one hour ‘coffee’ meeting that involved a lot of cake (my favorite type of meeting) I questioned them about their high and low moments of the past eight months and any useful tips or experiences I could use in the time leading up to my move abroad and during the eight months at the affiliate.

When I was applying to the program the rotation system and in particular the eight months spent at an affiliate were among the main reasons I really wanted to be successful in obtaining one of the positions. Therefore I thought it might be useful to share some of the stories and insights Mark and Sascha told me; also because I know for some people being sent to a random country (and it is really any country as you have no influence over where you will be sent in the RA program) can be daunting.

Let me start by providing you with the basics about Sascha’s and Mark’s rotation. Sascha went to NNi, the affiliate in Princeton in the US also coined small headquarter in Novo Nordisk, and Mark to the production facility in Brazil. Mark had never been to Brazil before whereas Sascha had visited the US twice and even lived there for a short period of time. Thus they had very different rotations with diverging tasks, impressions and cultural experiences.

For Sascha his rotation at NNi was hist first exposure to RA work as he had spent the first rotation outside RA in the medical writing department. He focused on the future insulins and got to work on many different projects in numerous departments. The flexibility and wide exposure to different products were the features Sascha enjoyed the most and he ended up working with most of the diabetes portfolio in just one rotation. This is an experience many graduates make when spending time at an affiliate. The smaller workforce and the less rigid structures means your role will be far less defined and constrained.

In Mark’s case it was the opposite, after having spent 8 months in an RA department in Headquarters he joined the Quality Management Systems team in Brazil working with the implementation of such systems at the local site as well as with customer complaints and RA site approvals among other tasks.

Now let me get down to the nitty-gritty questions I posed them:

blog post 3-1

First Reaction?

I was able to emphasize greatly with Mark in this case as he had never even considered the possibility of going to Brazil. I had the same sensation when I was told that my rotation was in Vietnam. Sascha on the other hand stated that he was neutral about it and grew more and more excited as working in headquarters showed him the importance of NNi.

Biggest Fear?

Whereas Sascha worried mainly about his previously mentioned lack of RA experience and was not sure if he would be able to contribute anything of value; Mark’s main concern was focused on the ability to communicate. At least he believes it should have been his main fear but he might have been a bit naive about such issues before actually experiencing it first-hand.

blog post 3-2

Other Graduates at the same Affiliate?

Very surprisingly Sascha was the only graduate going to NNi at the time, very unusual as NNi is one of the prime destinations for graduates, and was joined later by finance graduates. Mark was accompanied by two Product Supply graduates for whom Brazil is one of few possible locations.

Social Life?

From a graduate perspective Mark was lucky as graduates have a special bond among them so going somewhere with other graduates immediately means you have a set of friends that have the same fears and ‘dreams’  as you. That does not mean that Mark only interacted with two people or that Sascha spent his rotation being lonely. Both found it easy to join in the social life with Mark participating in numerous sport teams and Sascha being surrounded by a group of very kind colleagues who took him in immediately.

blog post 3-3

Biggest Learning?

Both state the ‘affiliate view‘ as one of the main learnings that they are taking back to headquarters. It is very valuable to obtain an understanding of the differences between the local and the global needs. For Sascha his 8 months at NNi also provided him with an immense knowledge about the FDA which will be extremely useful in his further work in headquarter.

Moment of Struggle?

For Mark the lack of Portuguese skills did pose a problem at times and it can be frustrating when you feel unable to contribute as you are not able to grasp the whole problem due to communication issues. Nonetheless the graduate program is a lot about adaptation and pushing you outside your comfort zones; so be aware of such issues but do not let them demotivate you. On the other hand, Sascha did not even have one negative word to say about his 8 months in the US.

Now that I have completely exceeded our character limit and still feel I have so much more to say, I will leave you with a map of past destinations of RA graduates to give you a feeling of where one might end up. Please feel free to ask me questions in the comments.

blog pic 3

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